What do Hedgehogs eat?

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Written By Editorial Staff
Reviewed By Ashley Jones

Veterinary Experts

Hedgehogs (Erinaceinae) make exciting pets. They are social, friendly, and can be quite obedient when trained.

Hedgehogs are native to Africa and Asia, but there has been a recent increase in popularity as pets in the United States.

Understanding what hedgehogs eat is essential to keeping your pet happy and healthy.

Do note that you may not be able to keep Hedgehog as a pet in many U.S. States since it is considered a wild animal.

If you want to keep a hedgehog as a pet, one of the first things you will need to know is what hedgehogs eat?

Hedgehogs have their unique preferences in food which many owners find challenging at first because they are not familiar with the dietary needs of hedgehogs.

In this comprehensive guide, we will discuss the diet of hedgehogs in detail. We will cover everything from their favorite snacks to the types of fruits and vegetables they like to eat.

So keep reading for information on how to keep your hedgehog healthy and happy!

What do hedgehogs eat in the wild?

Hedgehogs are scavengers, which means they will eat anything already dead. Their diet includes a variety of insects such as beetles, slugs, and snails (which can be found in gardens).

They also like worms or other small animals like frogs and mice if these things happen to die near their home.

However, most hedgehogs will not actively hunt for food, preferring to scavenge.

Hedgehogs are omnivorous animals, which means they eat both plant and animal material. Their diet consists of various things, including insects, earthworms, small rodents, frogs, snakes, birds, and fruits and vegetables.

In the wild, hedgehogs also consume a lot of fruits and vegetables. This helps them get the nutrients they need to survive.

Some of their favorite fruits include strawberries, blueberries, and raspberries. Hedgehogs also enjoy eating different vegetables such as carrots, peas, and sweet potatoes.

Another thing that hedgehogs eat in the wild is small birds or their eggs if they happen to find them. These animals like chicken eggs too!

In addition to this diet of insects, fruits, and vegetables, the hedgehog will also eat anything else dead, including frogs or mice (if there are no beetles).

In the wild, hedgehogs consume a variety of insects, earthworms, small rodents, frogs, snakes, birds, and fruits/vegetables. Some favorite foods include:

  • Strawberries
  • Blueberries
  • Raspberries
  • Carrots
  • Peas
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Chicken eggs

What do hedgehogs eat in captivity or as pets?

In captivity, hedgehogs are typically fed a diet that is based on their natural diet but with some modifications.

This usually includes a mix of dry cat food, wet cat food, and fresh fruits and vegetables.

Dry cat food is a good source of protein for hedgehogs, while wet cat food helps to keep them hydrated.

Hedgehogs also enjoy fresh fruits and vegetables, which provide them with essential vitamins and minerals.

Their favorite fruits and vegetables include oranges, apples, grapes, broccoli, and cauliflower.

It is important to note that not all hedgehogs like the same foods. So you may need to experiment a bit to find out what your hedgehog likes best.

What should you not feed a hedgehog?

Do not feed your pet hedgehog anything that is toxic or poisonous. This includes chocolate, caffeine, alcohol, raw meat, and foods with a high sugar content like candy or soda pop.

You should also avoid giving them any type of nut because they can be difficult to digest for these small animals!

To make sure you are feeding your hedgehog the best food possible, always consult with an expert on what foods will be good for them to eat. This can help prevent any health problems from eating something wrong!

Avoid giving them anything toxic or poisonous, and make sure all treats you give have little sugar content, such as chocolate.

Also, please don’t feed them anything with high protein like raw meat. Always consult an expert to make sure you are providing the best diet for your hedgehog!

How can you make sure your hedgehog’s diet is healthy and balanced?

Hedgehogs need a diet low in fat, high protein, and rich in calcium. You can buy commercially available hedgehog food from pet stores or online retailers which contain all of these things, but it’s also possible to make your own at home if you prefer!

The key ingredients for making homemade hedgehog food include dry cat food (which should be a good source of protein), fresh fruit and vegetables such as strawberries, blueberries, or carrots; canned tuna packed in water without salt added for its calcium content.

Another option is to combine different types of dog kibble with wet cat food, which contains meaty chicken bits mixed together into one large bowl so that it looks like a big bowl of cereal!

If you are unsure about what to feed your hedgehog, consult an expert to help guide this topic.

Hedgehogs need a proper diet to thrive and live long, healthy lives. The best way to ensure they get all the nutrients they require is by providing them with a balanced diet that includes fresh fruits and vegetables along with canned cat food.

A hedgehog’s diet should be high in protein, low fat, and rich in nutrients like calcium. You can buy commercially-prepared hedgehog food at pet stores or online retailers which contain all of these things, but it’s also possible to make your own at home if you prefer!

What are some common problems associated with hedgehog diets, and how can they be avoided or fixed?

Hedgehogs are prone to obesity, especially if they eat too much high-fat food such as nuts or seeds. Therefore, a diet that is low in fat and contains plenty of protein will help keep your hedgehog healthy and active!

It’s also important to ensure that their diet includes enough calcium, so they don’t develop health problems such as obesity or brittle bones.

Another common problem associated with hedgehog diets is an imbalance of nutrients. You can avoid this by ensuring that your pet’s diet includes various fruits, vegetables, and dry cat food.

Hedgehogs are prone to becoming overweight if they consume a high-fat diet.

A diet low in fat and rich in protein will help keep your little one healthy and active while making sure they get enough calcium is important to preventing health problems such as obesity or brittle bones.

It’s also important to make sure that their diet includes various fruits, vegetables, and dry cat food to ensure they’re getting a balance of all the nutrients they need.

Also read: Can Hamsters Eat Bell Peppers?


Hedgehogs are interesting creatures with a wide variety of dietary needs. By understanding what hedgehogs eat, you can create an appropriate diet for your pet and keep them healthy and happy. Thanks for reading!

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